Python program to delete a new node from the middle of the doubly linked list.

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Python program to delete a new node from the middle of the doubly linked list.

In this program, we will create a doubly linked list and delete a node from the middle of the list. If the list is empty, display the message “List is empty”. If the list is not empty, we will calculate the size of the list and then divide it by 2 to get the mid-point of the list. Current will point to head node. We will iterate through the list till midpoint is reached. Now current will point to the middle node. We delete middle node such that current’s previous node will point to the current’s next node.

Python program to delete a new node from the middle of the doubly linked list

Consider the above example, mid-point of the above list is 3. Iterate current from head to mid-point. Now, the current is pointing to the mid node which needs to be deleted. In this case, node new is the middle node which needs to be deleted. New can be deleted by making node 2 (current’s previous node) to point to node 3 (current’s next node). Set current to null.

ALGORITHM:

  1. Define a Node class which represents a node in the list. It will have three properties: data, previous which will point to the previous node and next which will point to the next node.
  2. Define another class for creating the doubly linked list, and it has two nodes: head and tail. Initially, head and tail will point to null.
  3. deleteFromMid() will delete a node from the middle of the list:
  • It first checks whether the head is null (empty list) then, it will return from the function as there is no node present in the list.
  • If the list is not empty, it will check whether the list has only one node.
  • If the list has more than one node then, it will calculate the size of the list. Divide the size by 2 and store it in variable mid.
  • Iterate through the list till current points to the mid node of the list.
  • Connect current’s previous node to current’s next node.
  • Delete the current node by setting it to null.

a. display() will show all the nodes present in the list.

  • Define a new node ‘current’ that will point to the head.
  • Print current.data till current points to null.
  • Current will point to the next node in the list in each iteration.

PROGRAM:

  1. #Represent a node of doubly linked list  
  2. class Node:
  3.     def __init__(self,data):
  4.         self.data = data;
  5.         self.previous = None;
  6.         self.next = None;
  7. class DeleteMid:
  8.     #Represent the head and tail of the doubly linked list  
  9.     def __init__(self):
  10.         self.head = None;
  11.         self.tail = None;
  12.         self.size = 0;
  13.     #addNode() will add a node to the list  
  14.     def addNode(self, data):
  15.         #Create a new node  
  16.         newNode = Node(data);
  17.         #If list is empty  
  18.         if(self.head == None):
  19.             #Both head and tail will point to newNode  
  20.             self.head = self.tail = newNode;
  21.             #head’s previous will point to None  
  22.             self.head.previous = None;
  23.             #tail’s next will point to None, as it is the last node of the list  
  24.             self.tail.next = None;
  25.         else:
  26.             #newNode will be added after tail such that tail’s next will point to newNode  
  27.             self.tail.next = newNode;
  28.             #newNode’s previous will point to tail  
  29.             newNode.previous = self.tail;
  30.             #newNode will become new tail  
  31.             self.tail = newNode;
  32.             #As it is last node, tail’s next will point to None  
  33.             self.tail.next = None;
  34.         #Size will count the number of nodes present in the list  
  35.         self.size = self.size + 1;
  36.     #deleteFromMid() will delete a node from middle of the list  
  37.     def deleteFromMid(self):
  38.         #Checks whether list is empty  
  39.         if(self.head == None):
  40.             return;
  41.         else:
  42.             #current will point to head  
  43.             current = self.head;
  44.             #Store the mid position of the list  
  45.             mid = (self.size//2if(self.size % 2 == 0else((self.size+1)//2);
  46.             #Iterate through list till current points to mid position  
  47.             for i in range(1, mid):
  48.                 current = current.next;
  49.             #If middle node is head of the list  
  50.             if(current == self.head):
  51.                 self.head = current.next;
  52.             #If middle node is tail of the list  
  53.             elif(current == self.tail):
  54.                 self.tail = self.tail.previous;
  55.             else:
  56.                 current.previous.next = current.next;
  57.                 current.next.previous = current.previous;
  58.             #Delete the middle node  
  59.             current = None;
  60.         self.size = self.size – 1;
  61.     #display() will print out the nodes of the list  
  62.     def display(self):
  63.         #Node current will point to head  
  64.         current = self.head;
  65.         if(self.head == None):
  66.             print(“List is empty”);
  67.             return;
  68.         while(current != None):
  69.             #Prints each node by incrementing pointer.  
  70.             print(current.data),
  71.             current = current.next;
  72.         print();
  73. dList = DeleteMid();
  74. #Add nodes to the list  
  75. dList.addNode(1);
  76. dList.addNode(2);
  77. dList.addNode(3);
  78. dList.addNode(4);
  79. dList.addNode(5);
  80. #Printing original list  
  81. print(“Original List: “);
  82. dList.display();
  83. while(dList.head != None):
  84.     dList.deleteFromMid();
  85.     #Printing updated list  
  86.     print(“Updated List: “)
  87.     dList.display();

Output:

Original List: 
1 2 3 4 5 
Updated List: 
1 2 4 5 
Updated List: 
1 4 5 
Updated List: 
1 5 
Updated List: 
5 
Updated List: 
List is empty

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