# Python Program for Fibonacci Numbers

## Introduction

Fibonacci numbers are a series of numbers in which each number (Fibonacci number) is the sum of the two preceding ones. The sequence starts with 0 and 1, and the subsequent numbers in the sequence are obtained by adding the two numbers just before it. In mathematical terms, the Fibonacci sequence is defined by the recurrence relation:

## Understanding the Algorithm

The algorithm for generating Fibonacci numbers is based on the recurrence relation mentioned above. Here’s a step-by-step breakdown:

1. Input : Accept the value of , which represents the number of Fibonacci numbers to generate.
2. Initialize Sequence: Initialize a list or array to store the Fibonacci sequence.
3. Base Cases: Set to 0 and to 1.
4. Generate Sequence: Iterate through the range from 2 to and calculate each Fibonacci number using the recurrence relation.
5. Display the Result: Print or display the generated Fibonacci sequence.

## Python Program for Fibonacci Numbers

Now, let’s implement the algorithm in a Python program:

def generate_fibonacci_sequence(n):
# Initialize sequence with first two Fibonacci numbers
fibonacci_sequence = [0, 1]

# Generate Fibonacci sequence
for i in range(2, n):
next_fibonacci = fibonacci_sequence[-1] + fibonacci_sequence[-2]
fibonacci_sequence.append(next_fibonacci)

return fibonacci_sequence

# Example: Generate Fibonacci sequence for the first 8 numbers
n_value = 8
fibonacci_result = generate_fibonacci_sequence(n_value)

# Display the result
print(f"Fibonacci Sequence for First {n_value} Numbers:", fibonacci_result)


## Explanation

The Python program defines a function generate_fibonacci_sequence that takes as input. It initializes the sequence with the first two Fibonacci numbers (0 and 1) and then iteratively calculates the next Fibonacci numbers using the recurrence relation. The final Fibonacci sequence is then displayed.

## Conclusion

The Fibonacci sequence is a fascinating mathematical concept with applications in various fields, including computer science and nature. This Python program offers a simple way to generate the Fibonacci sequence up to a specified number. Experiment with different values of to observe how the sequence grows.

Understanding algorithms like this is fundamental for building a strong foundation in programming and problem-solving. If you have any questions or need further clarification, feel free to ask!