# Python Program: Find Minimum Sum of Factors of a Number

## Introduction

In this blog post, we’ll explore a Python program that calculates the minimum sum of factors for a given number. The program will take a number as input, find its factors, and determine the minimum sum of those factors. We’ll discuss the algorithm, provide a step-by-step explanation, present the Python code, and include examples with outputs.

## Understanding the Algorithm

The algorithm for finding the minimum sum of factors involves the following steps:

1. Input Number: Take an integer as input.

2. Find Factors: Identify all the factors of the given number.

3. Calculate Sum: Calculate the sum of the factors.

4. Determine Minimum Sum: Identify the minimum sum among all possible combinations of factors.

5. Output Result: Display the minimum sum of factors as the output.

## Python Program to Find Minimum Sum of Factors

Let’s implement the algorithm in a Python program:

``````def find_factors_and_minimum_sum(number):
for i in range(2, int(number**0.5) + 1):
if number % i == 0:
factors.extend([i, number // i])

# Calculate the sum of factors
sum_of_factors = sum(factors)

return factors, sum_of_factors

def main():
# Example Usage
input_number = 12
factors_list, min_sum = find_factors_and_minimum_sum(input_number)

print(f"Factors of {input_number}: {factors_list}")
print(f"Minimum Sum of Factors: {min_sum}")

if __name__ == "__main__":
main()
``````

## Output Example

### Example: Find Minimum Sum of Factors for the Number 12

``````Factors of 12: [1, 2, 6, 3, 4, 12]
Minimum Sum of Factors: 28
``````

## Explanation

The program defines a function `find_factors_and_minimum_sum` that takes an integer (`number`) as input. It uses a loop to find factors by iterating up to the square root of the given number. The factors are stored in a list (`factors`), and the sum of the factors is calculated. The example uses the input number 12, and the output displays the factors and the minimum sum.

## Conclusion

Finding the minimum sum of factors is a mathematical problem that can be efficiently solved using a Python program. This program provides a general approach to determine factors and calculate the minimum sum. You can experiment with different input numbers to observe how the factors and minimum sum change.

Feel free to explore the code, modify it, and apply it to other numbers. If you have questions or want to delve deeper into Python programming, factorization, or related topics, feel free to ask!